posted by Pyjamarama
Almost six decades later, the veteran English actor has recovered sufficiently to play a 디즈니 villain with enough suave menace to send that witch packing on her broomstick. 의해 giving voice to Frollo, the tormented magistrate of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, 어치, 제이 does 더 많이 than add a portrait to the rogues' gallery that stretches from Snow White's witch and Monstro in Pinocchio to Scar in The Lion King, Jafar in 알라딘 and Sykes from Oliver & Company. He creates perhaps the most psychologically complex villain in 디즈니 animation.
``I wanted to make as much as possible of Frollo's frailties and all the weakness that comes out of him,'' explained 어치, 제이 from the 디즈니 lot in Burbank last week. ``He's human, like the rest of us. But he just lets his feelings get out of control.''
Disney's 34th animated feature, which opens on Friday, could be tough stuff for tots. In seeking to appeal to a broader audience, Hunchback codirectors Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise have created an unusually dark work that revolves around a deeply conflicted villain with realistic behavior and impulses.
Their conscious rejection of the outlandish cartoon nemesis will undoubtedly rekindle a long-running 토론 about the studio's extensive roster of villains.
Ever since the 퀸 turned into a witch, slipped Snow White a poisoned apple, and began the era of feature 애니메이션 at Disney, the 질문 has always been where to draw the line. How much is too much? How far should the villain go in scaring kids?
Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame is very freely adapted from Victor Hugo's classic 1831 novel. Hugo's glum fatalism gives way to a happy ending, but the action is still propelled 의해 Frollo, who is very much the knave in the cathedral.
The story is set in 15th-century Paris. Frollo is the reluctant surrogate father of a deformed baby who grows up to be the outcast hunchback 벨 ringer Quasimodo. The plot rests on an eternal rectangle and the three men who 사랑 the beautiful gypsy Esmeralda - Quasimodo; Phoebus, a handsome soldier; and the all-powerful Frollo. The magistrate's unrequited desire for Esmeralda - who befriends Quasimodo and visits him in the 벨 tower of Notre Dame - drives him to deeds of escalating nastiness.
``Frollo is different from the other villains [in recent 디즈니 films],'' conceded Trousdale, who teamed with Wise on the hit Beauty and the Beast. ``He's very righteous and moralistic, but he's falling apart at the center. Other villains, like Scar, know they're evil, and they revel in it. Frollo is convinced that he's the hero. He believes he is eradicating evil and that the end justifies the means.''
``The other significant difference,'' Wise said, ``is that he has a different motivation. Frollo already has wealth, power, and a high position. He doesn't act out of greed 또는 revenge. He's on a moral crusade, but he falls in 사랑 with Esmeralda so he ends up loving what he professed to hate.''
Frollo's nature is partly dictated 의해 Hugo's novel and partly 의해 the directors' desire to make a 더 많이 challenging film.
``We wanted to push the boundaries with something 더 많이 mature and psychological,'' Trousdale said. ``I really believe that children can handle a lot. The dark parts of the film are all right for them as long as they know there is light at the other end. They see that evil can be defeated, and they emerge unscathed.''
Leonard Maltin, the critic and film scholar whose 책 include the authoritative The 디즈니 Films, calls The Hunchback of Note Dame ``the darkest film 디즈니 has ever done. 디즈니 has made other dark films with dastardly villains, but Frollo is in a class 의해 himself.''
``There is real evil. In most recent 디즈니 films, we've had villains who were 더 많이 comic opera like Ursula in The Little Mermaid. Frollo is scarier and 더 많이 understandable.''
``I think children are equipped to deal with what some see as the `heavier' issues in life at their own level,'' argued Peter Schnieder, president of Disney's feature 애니메이션 division. ``That's the reason these films become classic.''
It's certainly true that, in the 디즈니 애니메이션 renaissance that began with The Little Mermaid in 1989, good villains have made for good pictures. Kids cheered the plucky Simba in The Lion King, but the character they remember is that ultimate bad cat, Scar. Simba's malevolent uncle was voiced 의해 Jeremy Irons, who used a sardonic, aristocratic drawl similar to the one that earned him an Oscar for playing Claus Von Bulow in Reversal of Fortune.
Jay, 63, who springs from the same classical British stage tradition as Irons, can turn even the most inconsequential phrase into something ominous. He is looking 앞으로 to taking his 7-year-old son to see Hunchback.
``He's going to be scared, but that's a strong element in the story we're telling. 디즈니 needs to risk a little horror,'' said Jay.
``My feeling is that 당신 can't shield children from the hard realities and the harsher aspects of life. They're going to find out anyway. Why not introduce them to it in a painless way? If 당신 want to shelter your children, 당신 wouldn't take them to anything. Besides, they know a lot 더 많이 than I did at their age. They're not as shockable today.''
Henry Berger, a child psychiatrist with a practice in Center City and the Hospital of the 대학 of Pennsylvania, said parents could ask for no better guidance than in the wise pages of Bruno Bettelheim's The Uses of Enchantment. In his landmark book, the late psychologist argues that fairy tales are therapeutic for children.
``Villains and monsters and frightening kinds of fantasies serve a number of roles, and they are fine so long as they're not overdone,'' Berger said. ``Kids use these kinds of things in fantasies to work through their own developmental fears. Those fears can be of scary people 또는 situations in their lives 또는 their own internal fears.''
Berger, who recalls being mighty upset as a kid over the death of Bambi's mother, noted that ``in general, a cartoon character 또는 cartoonish villain is easier for a child to take. A young child has a tough time differentiating between reality and fantasy. For kids, 판타지 is not entertainment. They're working through their fears and concerns. Work and play are very close for them.''
With its sinuous, succulent upscale Brit vowels, Jay's voice recalls both Irons' as Scar and the elegant haughtiness that George Sanders brought to Shere Khan, the terrible tiger in The Jungle Book. Even with his experience in live-action films, theater and innumerable narrations for commercials and TV 만화 including ReBoot and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, 어치, 제이 finds that 연기 with the voice alone poses a considerable challenge.
It is very difficult, he pointed out, to strike just the right note - and very important. ``We worked very hard,'' 어치, 제이 said. ``You want Frollo to be a thinking villain, not a mindless villain. 당신 always want to convey that he has reason and a clear motive for what he does and is destroyed 의해 a very common sin we can all understand: lust.''
Although their readings are similar, 어치, 제이 said that the difference between his work and Irons' is that ``Scar is a lighter and 더 많이 comic villain. With Frollo, this is serious stuff.''
It is that realism, said Maltin, that distinguishes Frollo from his 더 많이 infamous predecessors.
``You don't have all the exaggerations of a villainess like Cruella De Vil,'' said Maltin, referring to 101 Dalmatians' high-camp dognapper, to be played 의해 Glenn Close in a live-action remake due out at Christmas. ``There's no comic leavening in Frollo, no twinkle in his eye. There's nothing redeeming about him, nothing larger than life for the sake of entertainment.
``In that sense he goes all the way back to the witch in Snow White. But then, it's the nature of the story they're telling,'' commented Maltin, who said he'll be fascinated to see how his 10-year-old daughter reacts to the character.
For his part, 어치, 제이 looks 앞으로 to a 더 많이 long-term bonus. The shelf life of 디즈니 animated classics virtually guarantees immortality to the actors who do the voices.
``I like to think that when my son has children of his own, he can take them to see The Hunchback of Notre Dame, and they can watch what their old granddad did in his lifetime,'' 어치, 제이 said, chuckling. ``It's a very rewarding thought.''